Posts Tagged ‘gnu/linux’

I am not explaining the way to download youtube videos.

  1. Install ffmpeg package if not installed yet. Fire up a terminal and issue this command to install ffmpeg
  2. sudo apt-get install ffmpeg

  3. Steer to the folder where you have downloaded the youtube video (the .flv file) and issue the following command (match the command parameter colors with output chara)
  4. ffmpeg -title Some_Title -i Input_video_file_name.flv -acodec vorbis -ac 2 -ab 512000 -vn -y output_audio.ogg
    ==> This will give a 2-channel ogg-vorbis file with 512 kBps bitrate (most recommended)

    ffmpeg -title Some_Title -i Input_video_file_name.flv -acodec libmp3lame -ac 2 -ab 512000 -vn -y output_audio.mp3
    ==> This will give a 2-channel MP3 file with 512 kBps bitrate (least recommended)

I personally prefer OGG over MP3. Quality-to-size ratio is pretty high for OGG-VORBIS as compared to MP3. Try it out yourself.

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Q0. Why the fuss?

A free software activist and former student at CUSAT, Anivar Aravind was manhandled today (16/11/2008) by the “National free software conference organizers” @ CUSAT with assistance from the states police forces (UPDATE from Anivar: State Police force wasn’t used), for his peaceful protest against the “Novell Sponsorship”. The free software conference is backed by CPI(M), the ruling left party in Kerala.

Read an FIR on the incident here , here and here.

Q1. What is a free software?

According to GNU, “FREE SOFTWARES” are those softwares which gives its user the following freedoms (Read More).

  • The freedom to run the program, for any purpose (freedom 0).
  • The freedom to study how the program works, and adapt it to your needs (freedom 1). Access to the source code is a precondition for this.
  • The freedom to redistribute copies so you can help your neighbor (freedom 2).
  • The freedom to improve the program, and release your improvements to the public, so that the whole community benefits (freedom 3). Access to the source code is a precondition for this.

Q2. What is the problem with NOVELL?

Novell doesn’t respect the free software philosophy and works against the interest of the community. In short we are against Novell because of the following.

  1. Novell helps Microsoft more than it helps GNU/Linux.
  2. Novell still insults competing GNU/Linux distributions and Sun’s Openoffice.org. (Read more)
  3. Novell & Microsoft’s software patent agreement betrays rest of free software community, including the very people who wrote the Novell’s own system, for Novell’s sole financial profit. (Read more)
  4. Novell helps Microsoft’s fight against Ajax, web standards, SVG by supporting Silverlight & implementing its GNU/Linux version. (Read more)
  5. Novell supports Microsofts proprietary standard OOXML.
  6. Novell is pushing Microsofts patents to GNU/Linux and cheating Free Software Community.
  7. Novell is the biggest promoter of MONO in Free Software Development.

Q3. What can I do?

There are both short term and long term goals. Short term goals include protesting the organizers’s act either by forwarding this to your friends or posting about the issue on your blog.

The long term goal includes creating awareness about the “Evil Novell” and boycotting all Novell products. Read about the boycott in this site.

Q4. I heard you were an ardent Communist and now you are talking against CPI(M)?

Yes! what you heard is right and I am still a Communist. That doesn’t mean I will be supporting CPI(M) for all their deeds. This case is a clear hijacking and dilution of Free Software Philosophy.

I would like to see CPI(M) and the left parties supporting and spreading free softwares. But before that they should understand what exactly is a “Free Software” and respect the community.

Related Posts:-

1) ‘Boycott Novell’ boycotted from Free software conference!!! by aswinatgec.

2) Free Software Activist Man-Handled by jainbasil.

3) free software activist man-handled at free software conference ! by Bobinson

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The happy news is I bought a new laptop. It is a Compaq c797, Intel Dual core 2Ghz, 2 GB DDR2 RAM, 160 GB Hard-disc, with FREEDOM (who needs Windows anyway). I have installed Ubuntu Hardy Heron in it and named him r0n. 🙂

Yesterday I gave him a mac look. This is how I did it.

Step (1) Enable desktop effects

System –> Preferences–> Visual Effects –> Extra

Step (2) Install Avant Window Manager

Either through Synaptic package manager or issue this command in terminal

sudo apt-get install avant-window-manager

Install the dependencies too.

Step (3) Open Avant Window Navigator

Applications–>Accessories–>Avant Window Navigator

And a small task bar will appear at bottom of your screen. Delete the “stock” task bar which comes by default.

Step (4) Add icons to your new bar

Drag frequently used programs from the menu into this new bar. You can change the order of the icons from Avant window manager.

System –> Preferences –> Awn Manager

Step (5) Start Avant Window Navigator with GNU/Linux

Check this link.

Step (6) Customize your bar.

You can play with the options (add animation, transparency etc)in Awn manager. Install themes from this link. There are more plugins are launchers for Avant window manager. Unfortunately nothing worked for me in my Ubuntu system.

That’s it…. and in the end, you will get something like this…

Free Image Hosting at www.ImageShack.us r0n rox….

GNU/Linux rules….

Courtesy to Make Your Linux Desktop Look Like A Mac – Mac4Lin Project Documentation

(If you missed the latest post in my Malayalam blog, please read it. Due to some unknown technical flaw, it didn’t got published in any of the aggregators/feed readers)

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This is a post meant for GNU/Linux evangelists. I hope this will help/guide the GNU/Linux volunteers in spreading the message about the freedom and peace of mind of GNU/Linux users across the world and save the mortals from the clutches of evil *DOS. “Oh! people, come and join the world of GNU/Linux. GNU/Linux is the ONLY way to FREEDOM. GNU/Linux is the ONLY way to security. GNU/Linux fills your heart with happiness. GNU/Linux is all about sharing with your neighbor. Join my dear friend, join today itself to the elite club of GNU/Linux-ians.

#1. Never hesitate – Whenever someone asks you to install GNU/Linux in his or her system, even if he/she is your ex-girlfriend, don’t hesitate, but go and install GNU/Linux. A chance missed once and a chance missed forever most often means the same.

#2. STOP *DOS troubleshooting – It is a well known fact that M$ products sucks big time (except when they manufacture vacuum cleaners – an old joke) and will create problems till apocalypse. As a true follower of GNU/Linux, you should see this as an opportunity to make the victim aware of the features and powers of GNU/Linux and force him/her to try out a distro (I suggest Ubuntu) at least for once, and for sure he/she will fall for it. But the important thing is, you should NOT show much interest in *DOS troubleshooting which will make his life a bit miserable at least for sometime which will ignite the thoughts of migration. This works most of the time if you are the ONLY techie-guy in the city.

#3. Carry a GNU/Linux live cd/dvd always with you – I will suggest Ubuntu. Order it free from their site. Keep in handy at least one Ubuntu and one Kubuntu cds. If they found it nice, ask them “so let us proceed – Ubuntu or Kubuntu (or whatever)“. In most cases they won’t say a NO. Don’t hesitate, ACT – install it. After installing it successfully GIFT him/her the cd. He/she will be so happy, because it is the first time he/she is seeing an ORIGINAL software cd, that too in a good quality packet.

#4. Freedom after acquainting with GNU/Linux – This is something very controversial. There should be some short-term compromises made in order to achieve complete supremacy in future. For eg:- if you are installing Gnash instead of Flash in a ‘victim’s’ system, he is going to hate YOU as well as GNU/Linux and the whole freedom movement. For a beginner or an ordinary user, there should be some compromises made in utilities like Flash plugin (instead of Gnash) for Firefox, mp3 support, wma support (instead of ogg) and for engineers (BUY and) install Matlab for GNU/Linux [cough! cough!] (instead of GNU Octave). But after they become a fan of GNU/Linux systems, teach them the fundaes of Free softwares, freedom and GNU and then tell them to dump the non-free components from their system. Well, at the same time I request you NOT to use any non-free components in your personal computer.

#5. Tell them GNU/Linux is kewl – If you are in Ubuntu, enable desktop effects and show them how kewl GNU/Linux is. How the speed and richness-of-applications is better in a GNU/Linux system when compared to a similar *DOS system. Tell them that you don’t need the mobo cds or hardware driver cds again as before. Tell them you can modify the system according to your need.

#6. The best way to learn GNU/Linux – a common question we often face is “how can I learn GNU/Linux in one week”. Unfortunately, its a hyped up myth that GNU/Linux is not user-friendly. Tell your victim that, GNU/Linux is as user friendly or more as any *DOS platform. It is not necessary to use the CUI for common PC usage, but in some cases the terminal is extremely powerful and useful than the windows command prompt. The best way to learn GNU/Linux – use it.

#7. Don’t let live *DOS – Remains of *DOS had caused many problems in the past. It is better and is recommended to format the windows partition and NOT to dual-boot the machine whenever it is possible. Some people are too lazy to start learning GNU/Linux, though there is nothing much to learn about it.

#8. Some MUST-HAVE applications for a GNU/Linux system

  1. vlc Player – It plays most of the format.
  2. Adobe Flash plugin for Firefox – Required in net often. (Google videos, Youtube etc) [non-free software.]
  3. ntfs-3g – I think this is available by default in Ubuntu from Hardy Heron. But you should also edit the fstabs to auto-mount these.
  4. usbmount – Helps in automatically mount and unmount USB drives.
  5. compiz – If it is already installed, then enable it.
  6. gstreamer-ugly and gstreamer-bad – Install these for common-multimedia-format support (and convert all your mp3 to ogg).

#9. Show him the applications – Show him the huge list of applications including office packages and games which got automatically installed by default and also tell them what all you get from a proprietary operating system company.

(to be completed )

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NOTE:- This post is not just for Indians, but for every men and women who cares about FREEDOM and SOVEREIGNTY.

(1) This company is infamous for the dirty tricks it played to monopolize the market. (Link1, Link 2, Link 3)

(2) This company is famous for its “idiot-friendly” products which claims to be user-friendly dumbofying smart people.

(3) This company is infamous for its poorly written softwares which crashes every now and then, even during when it was first presented to the world!!!

(4) This company produces softwares which require heavy hardware resources (which benefits the hardware vendors), the output of these can be obtained from free softwares at a much lower hardware configuration.

(5) The products of this company is often affected by virus and similar security threats so often that for being safe you have to reinstall the system once at least a month or a costly anti-virus software which eats up the “available system resources”.

(6) This company played a really cheap trick to get its broken standard get accepted as an ISO standard and is still behind the nations which opposed it.

I am talking about none other than Microsoft. If you are not aware about the dirty tricks played by them, then you, your country and your people are in real trouble.

By adopting a pseudo-open proprietary format like OOXML as a national standard (fortunately it is not ) you are actually risking the freedom and sovereignty of your country. The whole of the government transactions will be using this proprietary standard which forces us to use these closed-source softwares which demands direct costs as well as indirect cost in the form of hardware and “related-required” softwares (like antivirus, anti-spyware, defragmenter, registry maintainer etc).

Microsoft had joined hands with Indian(?) companies like TCS, Infosys and WIPRO to get their broken-format accepted by the BIS (fortunately for Indians, it got rejected).I really felt bad when I saw this post which I think everyone of us should read to under stand the low-business-ethics of Microsoft. Quoting from Prof. Deepak Phatak’s blog.

….Microsoft started filing complaints to various Indian authorities in early March 2008, claiming bias on part of several members of the committee because of their presumed membership of a group called ‘ODF Alliance India’. My Institution and its representatives are part of the group which has been falsely implicated in these complaints. Worse, the complaints have painted these organizations and their representatives, including the Indian delegation which attended the BRM, as acting against the Indian National interests. This is the most derogatory accusation to any Indian, amounting, personally for me at least, to intolerable blasphemy…..
….Microsoft continued to make representations to top Indian leadership, pressurizing them to change the Indian vote. This act, in my opinion, goes well beyond the behavioral boundaries for a non-Indian commercial entity, amounting to interfering with the governance process of a sovereign country….

….My first anguish is the way the name of my colleagues and my Institution, along with names of several others on the committee LITD 15, have been maligned and tarnished by Microsoft. My second anguish is that Microsoft persisted in its attempt to pressurize Indian leadership to change the Indian stand, in spite of the fact that a due process established by the Government had completed its job, recommending no change in the Indian vote. These two things, amongst others, have caused me to lose my peace of mind and my sleep over last two months. I share my thoughts (which sometimes have been rather wild), and my anguish in this section.…..

…..I am aware that I am only a humble teacher. I am aware that Microsoft is a mighty, rich, and powerful company. But if I perceive a threat to my national sovereignty and to her honor, this old teacher will simply pack his pen, and pick up a sword for a mortal combat. I believe many more of my fellow Indians may think of doing likewise. Please be informed that If I am forced to join such a battle, then I will never come back defeated. I may come back only dead. That, Mr Microsoft, is my privilege, and that indeed is my honor.…..

….In this 21st century, India is a unified nation of more than one billion people. My countrymen seek to live happily in a just and civil society full of prosperity, love, and harmony. They seek to share knowledge and technology from all other people of the world. They do want to listen to useful advice from every quarter. Come and discuss business and let us negotiate a win-win deal. Do discuss technology and knowledge, and we will be eager to have mutually beneficial relationships. Do discuss economic policies, and we will be equal partners in the humanity’s march to prosperity…..

I have lots of friends and relatives, who are slaves of Microsoft Windows who often made fun of me when I talked about “the change”. Please understand that by using Microsoft Windows, be it licensed or pirated, you are risking your freedom and losing a lot of money as direct cost (in purchasing Microsoft Windows), indirect costs (“required-related softwares” and “associated softwares” like office package, movie/music player, internet browser etc) and maintenance charges (which includes cost of reinstalling, data loss during reinstalling, bandwidth charges for anti-virus updation, bandwidth charges which arises from virus related problems etc). Think about the tonnes of money you will be saving (for you and your family) if you shift to free software technology. Yes, it is in fact a SERVICE to your country, to the whole humanity to change to free software and to spread the message. I am pretty much happy that I am doing the same…..

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First theme I have ever made for Nokia 6233. It was made using the theme maker tool at zedge.com. Unfortunately they had deleted the creation after one day because the screen-shots were not perfect. I don’t know how to take the screen-shots of the theme (from the phone) or to emulate it or …. . For the same reason, I am not going to post a screen-shot here.

Click here to download the theme file. It should work for phones with similar display (320×240) and make. Know more about Nokia 6233 and related tools from this blog.


1) nazgull who created the Debian Aqua wallpaper – this is used as phone and menu background.

2) Whoever created the Debian logo – this is used as screen-saver. (someone please tell me his/her/their names, I will add it)

3) zedge.com for providing me the tool to create the theme (you don’t deserve it)

Thanks to 2shared.com for keeping the file safe (I hate rapidshare). Hope you won’t delete the file like zedge.com (I don’t find any reason for the same)

Enjoy! and leave a comment. Expecting a lot of reviews.

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Yeah! the vampire girl had bitten me again with a tag and I am supposed to bite 5 others. This time the meme is on,

(1) Posting about 5 different characters you hate.

(2) Passing on the tags to 5 different bloggers (muhahahaha)

So, 5 classes of people I hate the most.

  1. Religious Fundamentalists – Nice to see that Amooma too have the same class of people in her ‘hate list’. I hate all kind of people who believe in religion. I have seen many people boasting about their religion and religious texts saying “what science have proved today was there in our texts even before 1400/2000/5000 years (as the case is)”. Please don’t waste your life by thinking and following such crap. It is blasphemous to not to use the brain given by him rather than denying a religious text book created by a mortal. (I know it is impossible for a theist to prove the existence of god and for an atheist to prove it otherwise)
  2. “Politically neutral”There are this class of people who claim “they hate politics” and they are neutral to politics and they don’t support any political party. C’mon dude, if you don’t belive any political party, if you are not aware of different political philosophies, if you are ignorant about their political acitvities, then you are not fit to live in a democratic country, you don’t have the right to criticize or complain about government policies.
  3. “Linux-phobics” – I meet lots of this kind these days, even here at the institution where I study now which is world famous for its high quality academics. I won’t complain, it is just the educational system which promoted the use of proprietary softwares which made them the slaves of M$ Windows. But when they say “Linux is so tough” or “Linux doesn’t have any useful softwares” I can feel a vibration rising up from my toe. First thing is, the name of the OS is GNU/Linux. Linux is just the name of the kernel and most of the major components of the operating system was developed by GNU and hence the system has to be called GNU/Linux and not just Linux. Secondly, GNU/Linux will be more user friendly than M$ Windows for a person who uses computer for the first time in his/her life. Can you tell a place other than in M$ Windows where you goto START button to STOP (shutdown) the computer? How can you call this unique ‘feature’ a user friendly one? Where on earth you will have all the necessary packages get installed by default (you don’t even have to install the drivers in most of the cases) other than in GNU/Linux.  Simpler things may not always be easiest one. I am quoting these words from my previous postGNU/Linux may not be user friendly, but for sure it is not IDIOT-FRIENDLY
  4. Reality Show fan boys – We all know that it is NOT real. Everything is planned even before the contestants are selected. What is the use in participating or supporting the contestants (SMS, e-mail or whatever). Why can’t you people use that money to call me instead? 😀
  5. Blogging = Personal Diary = Advertisements – Oh! please don’t say that anymore. It is no more a personal diary. Blogging is the future medium of communication. It will soon challenge the existence of the traditional media. People all around the world can transmit/receive news in no time. The interactivity feature (via comments)  make this medium much more stronger than the traditional ones. It is really a relief to the common man to see the real news in the real way in real time. Traditional media are often biased by their sources of revenue and their political backing. There is no other way other than to blindly trust the report if you haven’t seen the incident in real. You don’t have the option to comment on the report if you have seen the incident and the report is biased. But when it comes to blogging, where I can publish the news around me and people can respond on the news item, where I don’t have to satisfy the interests of any parties, I can say that it is the future media. People often refer this to Citizen Journalism. Now there are people who use their blogs as a means of revenue by publishing either content based ads or they even write for the money! Such people are compromising the quality of blogging as well as the authenticity and POWER of the future medium!!!!…. DARN! … I too used to have this ads on my blogs! (and they had banned me… 😀 )

Now the TAGS….. (I have made it 7, because I am a stronger vampire than amooma 😉 )

  1. My BTech class mate who is a damn  😦 😦 🙂 😦  😦 🙂 😦 😦 (I hate edits 😦 ) – Renji John
  2. My junior at school/college who owns an ad rich blog (grrrrr…) – Guy in the middle
  3. My friend ***** ***** (I don’t know whether I can reveal his/her name, lemme ask him/her first 😉 ) who at last,  started blogging seriously.
  4. കുട്ടി-kutty – He/she is still a mystery 😉
  5. Krishnadev – my student, yeah you heard it right “my STUDENT”… 🙂
  6. Hari – who chose the red pill
  7. Abhi – The Royal Mexxian

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