Q0. Why the fuss?

A free software activist and former student at CUSAT, Anivar Aravind was manhandled today (16/11/2008) by the “National free software conference organizers” @ CUSAT with assistance from the states police forces (UPDATE from Anivar: State Police force wasn’t used), for his peaceful protest against the “Novell Sponsorship”. The free software conference is backed by CPI(M), the ruling left party in Kerala.

Read an FIR on the incident here , here and here.

Q1. What is a free software?

According to GNU, “FREE SOFTWARES” are those softwares which gives its user the following freedoms (Read More).

  • The freedom to run the program, for any purpose (freedom 0).
  • The freedom to study how the program works, and adapt it to your needs (freedom 1). Access to the source code is a precondition for this.
  • The freedom to redistribute copies so you can help your neighbor (freedom 2).
  • The freedom to improve the program, and release your improvements to the public, so that the whole community benefits (freedom 3). Access to the source code is a precondition for this.

Q2. What is the problem with NOVELL?

Novell doesn’t respect the free software philosophy and works against the interest of the community. In short we are against Novell because of the following.

  1. Novell helps Microsoft more than it helps GNU/Linux.
  2. Novell still insults competing GNU/Linux distributions and Sun’s Openoffice.org. (Read more)
  3. Novell & Microsoft’s software patent agreement betrays rest of free software community, including the very people who wrote the Novell’s own system, for Novell’s sole financial profit. (Read more)
  4. Novell helps Microsoft’s fight against Ajax, web standards, SVG by supporting Silverlight & implementing its GNU/Linux version. (Read more)
  5. Novell supports Microsofts proprietary standard OOXML.
  6. Novell is pushing Microsofts patents to GNU/Linux and cheating Free Software Community.
  7. Novell is the biggest promoter of MONO in Free Software Development.

Q3. What can I do?

There are both short term and long term goals. Short term goals include protesting the organizers’s act either by forwarding this to your friends or posting about the issue on your blog.

The long term goal includes creating awareness about the “Evil Novell” and boycotting all Novell products. Read about the boycott in this site.

Q4. I heard you were an ardent Communist and now you are talking against CPI(M)?

Yes! what you heard is right and I am still a Communist. That doesn’t mean I will be supporting CPI(M) for all their deeds. This case is a clear hijacking and dilution of Free Software Philosophy.

I would like to see CPI(M) and the left parties supporting and spreading free softwares. But before that they should understand what exactly is a “Free Software” and respect the community.

Related Posts:-

1) ‘Boycott Novell’ boycotted from Free software conference!!! by aswinatgec.

2) Free Software Activist Man-Handled by jainbasil.

3) free software activist man-handled at free software conference ! by Bobinson

The happy news is I bought a new laptop. It is a Compaq c797, Intel Dual core 2Ghz, 2 GB DDR2 RAM, 160 GB Hard-disc, with FREEDOM (who needs Windows anyway). I have installed Ubuntu Hardy Heron in it and named him r0n. 🙂

Yesterday I gave him a mac look. This is how I did it.

Step (1) Enable desktop effects

System –> Preferences–> Visual Effects –> Extra

Step (2) Install Avant Window Manager

Either through Synaptic package manager or issue this command in terminal

sudo apt-get install avant-window-manager

Install the dependencies too.

Step (3) Open Avant Window Navigator

Applications–>Accessories–>Avant Window Navigator

And a small task bar will appear at bottom of your screen. Delete the “stock” task bar which comes by default.

Step (4) Add icons to your new bar

Drag frequently used programs from the menu into this new bar. You can change the order of the icons from Avant window manager.

System –> Preferences –> Awn Manager

Step (5) Start Avant Window Navigator with GNU/Linux

Check this link.

Step (6) Customize your bar.

You can play with the options (add animation, transparency etc)in Awn manager. Install themes from this link. There are more plugins are launchers for Avant window manager. Unfortunately nothing worked for me in my Ubuntu system.

That’s it…. and in the end, you will get something like this…

Free Image Hosting at www.ImageShack.us r0n rox….

GNU/Linux rules….

Courtesy to Make Your Linux Desktop Look Like A Mac – Mac4Lin Project Documentation

(If you missed the latest post in my Malayalam blog, please read it. Due to some unknown technical flaw, it didn’t got published in any of the aggregators/feed readers)

GNU/Linux calls you…

This is a post meant for GNU/Linux evangelists. I hope this will help/guide the GNU/Linux volunteers in spreading the message about the freedom and peace of mind of GNU/Linux users across the world and save the mortals from the clutches of evil *DOS. “Oh! people, come and join the world of GNU/Linux. GNU/Linux is the ONLY way to FREEDOM. GNU/Linux is the ONLY way to security. GNU/Linux fills your heart with happiness. GNU/Linux is all about sharing with your neighbor. Join my dear friend, join today itself to the elite club of GNU/Linux-ians.

#1. Never hesitate – Whenever someone asks you to install GNU/Linux in his or her system, even if he/she is your ex-girlfriend, don’t hesitate, but go and install GNU/Linux. A chance missed once and a chance missed forever most often means the same.

#2. STOP *DOS troubleshooting – It is a well known fact that M$ products sucks big time (except when they manufacture vacuum cleaners – an old joke) and will create problems till apocalypse. As a true follower of GNU/Linux, you should see this as an opportunity to make the victim aware of the features and powers of GNU/Linux and force him/her to try out a distro (I suggest Ubuntu) at least for once, and for sure he/she will fall for it. But the important thing is, you should NOT show much interest in *DOS troubleshooting which will make his life a bit miserable at least for sometime which will ignite the thoughts of migration. This works most of the time if you are the ONLY techie-guy in the city.

#3. Carry a GNU/Linux live cd/dvd always with you – I will suggest Ubuntu. Order it free from their site. Keep in handy at least one Ubuntu and one Kubuntu cds. If they found it nice, ask them “so let us proceed – Ubuntu or Kubuntu (or whatever)“. In most cases they won’t say a NO. Don’t hesitate, ACT – install it. After installing it successfully GIFT him/her the cd. He/she will be so happy, because it is the first time he/she is seeing an ORIGINAL software cd, that too in a good quality packet.

#4. Freedom after acquainting with GNU/Linux – This is something very controversial. There should be some short-term compromises made in order to achieve complete supremacy in future. For eg:- if you are installing Gnash instead of Flash in a ‘victim’s’ system, he is going to hate YOU as well as GNU/Linux and the whole freedom movement. For a beginner or an ordinary user, there should be some compromises made in utilities like Flash plugin (instead of Gnash) for Firefox, mp3 support, wma support (instead of ogg) and for engineers (BUY and) install Matlab for GNU/Linux [cough! cough!] (instead of GNU Octave). But after they become a fan of GNU/Linux systems, teach them the fundaes of Free softwares, freedom and GNU and then tell them to dump the non-free components from their system. Well, at the same time I request you NOT to use any non-free components in your personal computer.

#5. Tell them GNU/Linux is kewl – If you are in Ubuntu, enable desktop effects and show them how kewl GNU/Linux is. How the speed and richness-of-applications is better in a GNU/Linux system when compared to a similar *DOS system. Tell them that you don’t need the mobo cds or hardware driver cds again as before. Tell them you can modify the system according to your need.

#6. The best way to learn GNU/Linux – a common question we often face is “how can I learn GNU/Linux in one week”. Unfortunately, its a hyped up myth that GNU/Linux is not user-friendly. Tell your victim that, GNU/Linux is as user friendly or more as any *DOS platform. It is not necessary to use the CUI for common PC usage, but in some cases the terminal is extremely powerful and useful than the windows command prompt. The best way to learn GNU/Linux – use it.

#7. Don’t let live *DOS – Remains of *DOS had caused many problems in the past. It is better and is recommended to format the windows partition and NOT to dual-boot the machine whenever it is possible. Some people are too lazy to start learning GNU/Linux, though there is nothing much to learn about it.

#8. Some MUST-HAVE applications for a GNU/Linux system

  1. vlc Player – It plays most of the format.
  2. Adobe Flash plugin for Firefox – Required in net often. (Google videos, Youtube etc) [non-free software.]
  3. ntfs-3g – I think this is available by default in Ubuntu from Hardy Heron. But you should also edit the fstabs to auto-mount these.
  4. usbmount – Helps in automatically mount and unmount USB drives.
  5. compiz – If it is already installed, then enable it.
  6. gstreamer-ugly and gstreamer-bad – Install these for common-multimedia-format support (and convert all your mp3 to ogg).

#9. Show him the applications – Show him the huge list of applications including office packages and games which got automatically installed by default and also tell them what all you get from a proprietary operating system company.

(to be completed )


Tagged by Amooma

1. LAST MOVIE YOU SAW IN A THEATER: Dasavatharam. It was the first movie which….. ahem! It is still classified.

2. WHAT BOOK ARE YOU READING: Memories of Midnight by Sydney Sheldon. Again it is the first time I am reading an English fiction.

3. FAVORITE BOARD GAME: Chess, I guess…


5. WORST FEELING IN THE WORLD: When I can’t keep my promise.

6. WHAT IS THE FIRST THING YOU THINK OF WHEN YOU WAKE: Oh! fcuk… its 12!!! 😮 … I am 30 minutes early.

7. FAVORITE FAST FOOD PLACE. I don’t usually go to any fcuking capitalist fast-food shops. It was just last week I went to Pizza hut and Cafe Coffee Day, as there wasn’t much choices.

8. FUTURE CHILD’S NAME. If it is a girl I have more choices – the names of my ex-girlfriends 😉

9. FINISH THIS STATEMENT.”IF I HAD A LOT OF MONEY I’D… have burned it. Potash is a good manure for Coconut trees”

10. DO YOU DRIVE FAST? It is relative; as per my friends I am a very slow driver. But my dad says I am a speedster.


12. WHAT WAS YOUR FIRST CAR? If I am right it is some Ford. It was in my 6th standard, my dad bought me this tiny little car. (From Hotwheels)


14. FINISH THIS STATEMENT, “IF I HAD THE TIME I WOULD… have gone to gym, read books, written blogs, browsed, gone out”


16. IF YOU COULD DYE YOUR HAIR ANY COLOR, WHAT WOULD BE YOUR CHOICE? : A gradient of green, blue and red..

17. NAME ALL THE DIFFERENT CITIES/TOWNS YOU HAVE LIVED IN. : Kollam, Hyderabad,Thiruvananthapuram, Chennai……


19. ONE NICE THING ABOUT THE PERSON WHO SENT THIS TO YOU. : Matching wavelengths, I didn’t had to edit this post much.

20. WHAT’S UNDER YOUR BED? : Dust. I don’t spend much time in my room, only to sleep.



23. FAVORITE PLACE TO RELAX? Anywhere alone.

24. Of all The People You Tagged This To, Who’s Most Likely To Respond First?: Hari Shanker

I am tagging Hari Shanker and ~==[[[ Abhi ]]]==~

You know what? I was an active KSU (Kerala Students Union) activist when I did my graduation. Though, you can take their count without much effort in your 10 fingers 😛 !!! My college was really a red-fort, both in color and the political inclination. But the activities of left student wing wasn’t satisfactory from a leftist viewpoint. They were just a ‘conglomoration’ of goons to protect their personal interests/egos. It was in my 6th semester that there was first real challenge against the monopoly of left student wing, that we won about 5-6 association seats and one general seat in the elections, though we lost in majority of seats we contested.

After my Btech, there was a time when I sat idle for about one year (!!!), I got into the company of Jayasankar (who is now at one of the gulf countries, “studying the problems faced by the working class in gulf countries” 😛 ) who gave me the leftist fundaes. Then I TRIED to read the “Communist Manifesto” but had to leave it incomplete because of the tough language used in it. Thanks to Jayasankar again, he gave the a copy of the translation of Communist Manifesto and other literature on left philosophy.

Time passed and slowly I was metamorphizing into a leftist. It was last year when I was working at an engineering college in Trivandrum, I met Sujay who is a dentist by profession whom I know from my Btech days and a communist congenitally! The transformation was complete with talks with Dr. Sujay. I declared it in Orkut and transferred the ownership of the KSU community created by me back in the ‘right days’ to Anto.

So, what provoked me to write this post. Last few days, I am reading this on Mathrubhumi feeds (these days they are the only source to know about the happenings in Kerala), about the KSU strike on the 7th standard textbook, though there wasn’t anywhere mentioned “what was there on those text-books”.

Today I saw this post by Rafiq kizhattur, and felt sympathy for the KSU. I would say this even if I were in KSU. Bad KSU, this is just show off, you people have shown your casteist-racist mentality wide open to world. This chapter describes the scene where the son of an inter-religious parents taking admission
in a school.

Here is a not-so-good translation of the controversial part in the 7th standard textbook,

“മതമില്ലാത്ത ജീവന്‍” – “Religion-less Jeevan”

The headmaster started filling the application form after the parents came with their son for the admission.

“What is your name, dear?”

“Jeevan” (Jeevan/ജീവന്‍ means life in Malayalam)

“Cute name… and your dad’s name?”

“Anvar Rasheed”

“Mom’s name?”

“Lakshmi Devi”

Headmaster lifted his face and asked the parents:

“What should I fill in the column for religion?”

“Nothing. Just add nil


“That too not required”

Headmaster leaned back to his chair and asked in a serious tone:

“What if he feels that he needs a religion when he grows up?”

“Let him choose the religion of his taste at that time”

—The End—

Why the hell is that people are so arrogant about such a chapter giving a good message. The common public should reply to this arrogance and prove that Kerala society is not casteist/racist as the KSU leaders are thinking. This kind of arrogance was shown to the first Communist government in Kerala when they brought revolutionary changes to Kerala, which helped the common man and his successors to achieve social and educational equality. Founding leader of KSU and the present Defense Minister of India, A K Antony, who actively took part in the vimochana samaram against the then Communist regime, now repents that the his decision to strike against the government was wrong.

My advise to KSU leaders, take any of the following drugs and this may help you to solve the crisis you are facing,

  1. Mebendazole
  2. Piperazine
  3. Albendazole

I suggest all of you leaders to take the drugs at the same time, else it will lead to drug-resistant ‘invaders’ :-p .

[Today we have the not-so-famous Malayalam blogger, njaan (ഞാന്‍) in our post. Welcome njaan (ഞാന്‍) to our blog]

ഞാന്‍: (Looking at the readers and waving his hand) Thank you pR@tz.

pR@tz: So tell me njaan, how is life? How is your girl-friends?
ഞാന്‍: സുഖമായിട്ടിരിക്കുന്നു സഹോദരാ.കാമുകിമാരുടെ ശല്യം തല്‍ക്കാലം ഇല്ല. pR@tz-ന് എന്തുണ്ട് വിശേഷം. എന്നെ കുറെ തെറി കേള്‍പ്പിച്ച് കഴിഞ്ഞപ്പോള്‍ എന്തൊ ഒരു സുഖം തോന്നുന്നു, അല്ലേ?

pR@tz: (with his typical grin)…he! he! he! … yeah!… feeling really good. Expect more soon. Where were you all these days?
ഞാന്‍: ഞാനിവിടൊക്കെ തന്നെ ഉണ്ടായിരുന്നു. ഇപ്പോ പഴയ പോലെയല്ല. സമയം ഒട്ടുമില്ല. എന്റെ ഗൈഡ് ആണെങ്കില്‍ എന്നെ നിലം തൊടീക്കുന്നില്ല.

pR@tz: yeah! njaan, I can understand, even I am doing my research and my guide too is strict. Sigh! By the way, last few weeks at Malayalam blogosphere, we had nice fights between pro-protest group and anti-protest group.
ഞാന്‍: എന്തിനാ മോനേ ഞങ്ങള്‍ എന്ന് പറയുന്നേ. മോന്‍ സ്വയമല്ലേ വഴീ കൂടെ നടന്ന് പോയ പട്ടീടെ വായേ കയ്യിട്ട് കടി വാങ്ങിയേ. വല്ല കാര്യമുണ്ടായിരുന്നോ? അല്ലേലും നിനക്ക് പെണ്‍പിള്ളേര് എന്ന് പറയുന്നത് പണ്ടേ ഒരു വീക്ക്‍നെസ്സ് ആണ്.

pR@tz: (in a serious tone) Well, I still think whatever I did is right. I would have done the same even if it was someone else. I did what I felt right and will be doing the same in future.
ഞാന്‍: അതേ. right, നീ പണ്ട് കോപ്പിറൈറ്റുകളെ എതിര്‍ത്ത് സംസാരിച്ചിട്ടില്ലേ. എന്നിട്ടിപ്പോ എന്ത് പറ്റി?

pR@tz: Every creator has a right over his creation, I respect that right. Copyright infringement cause problems (to many) only when there is a materialistic value attached to it. Personally, I am not interested in any materialistic benefit, but I need a credit for my creation and that is the reason I am publishing it by cc-attribution-ShareAlike. Both of us are researchers, and we know how difficult it is to get a journal paper; I hate copyrights for that reason too, knowledge is something which should not be locked like that. I am ready to give the authors credit for the excellent work they did and the publishing journal. But, why the copyrights?
ഞാന്‍: ശരിയാണ്. ജേണല്‍ പേപ്പറുകള്‍ കിട്ടുവാന്‍ ഞാനും കുറേയേറെ കഷ്ടപ്പെടാറുണ്ട്. ഒരു പക്ഷെ, ആ പേപ്പര്‍ പബ്ലിഷ് ചെയ്യുവാന്‍ വേണ്ടി വരുന്ന ചിലവുകള്‍ നികത്തുവാന്‍ ആയിരിക്കും ജേണലുകള്‍ക്ക് പണം ഈടാക്കുന്നതും അവയ്ക്ക് കോപ്പിറൈറ്റുകള്‍ ഉള്ളതും.

pR@tz: You said it. Everything in this world has a value. That is not a right thing according to me and should be changed. Man needs food, water, air, a place to sleep and dress to wear – the basic needs, additionally he will require education, entertainment (not luxurious) to live like a human. In return he should contribute in the best way to the society. In this particular, ‘ideal society’, nothing will have a monetary value, everyone will be free to think, free to learn, free to innovate…..man will live in a kind of equilibrium with nature – if something comes in, same happens in return too… (gazing at infinity)
ഞാന്‍: സമ്മതിക്കുന്നു. പക്ഷെ അത്തരമൊരു സമൂഹം നിലവില്‍ വരുമെന്ന് തോന്നുന്നുണ്ടോ? മനുഷ്യന്റെ അത്യാഗ്രഹം അതിനൊരു തടസ്സമല്ലേ? വിവരമില്ലായ്മയും pR@tz-ന്റെ ഈ സ്വപ്നത്തിന് വിഘാതമാകും.

pR@tz: “I am not a liberator, liberators do not exist, people liberate themselves” … as said by Ernesto Che Guevara. Do you think people are completely sovereign in this world, even if you call your country is sovereign? Do you have the right to express your opinion every time? Do you think you have equal right on natural resources? Are you able to get the education to your likes even if you are capable to study it? Are you able to marry a girl, even if she likes you? If your answer is NO at least to one question, then YOU ARE NOT FREE.
ഞാന്‍: ശരിയാണ് pR@tz പറഞ്ഞത്. എല്ലാവരും സ്വയം വിചാരിക്കേണ്ട കാര്യമാണ് അത്. ഇന്ത്യയ്ക്ക് സ്വാതന്ത്ര്യം‌ കിട്ടുന്നതിന് മുമ്പ് ആളുകളുടെ ചിന്താഗതിയും ഇപ്രകാരം തന്നെ ആയിരുന്നല്ലോ, “എന്തിനാപ്പോ സ്വാതന്ത്ര്യം കിട്ടിയിട്ട്” എന്ന്. അത് പോലെ തന്നെ ഇപ്പോഴും. ആളുകള്‍ ഇപ്പോഴും കരുതുന്നത് അവര്‍ സ്വതന്ത്രരാണ് എന്നാണ്. പീസ്സയും കഴിച്ച് പെപ്സിയും കുടിച്ച് നടക്കുന്ന അവര്‍ക്കറിയില്ല, അവര്‍ കഴിക്കുന്ന ഭക്ഷണം എന്തായിരിക്കണം, കുടിക്കുന്ന പാനീയം എന്തായിരിക്കണം, എന്നൊക്കെ തീരുമാനിക്കുന്നത് (അല്ലെങ്കില്‍ തീരുമാനിക്കുവാന്‍ പോകുന്നത്) നമ്മുക്കൊക്കെ സങ്കല്‍പ്പിക്കുവാന്‍ പോലും കഴിയാത്തത്ര സ്വത്തുള്ള അന്താരാഷ്ട്ര കുത്തകകള്‍ ആണെന്ന്. സ്വന്തം കാര്യം ചിന്തിക്കുവാന്‍ പോലും മറക്കുന്ന ഇവര്‍, ഒരു സഹജീവിയെ കുറിച്ച് എപ്പോ ഓര്‍ക്കും?

pR@tz: Right said. I have seen many people advising “why the hell are you interfering in that mess, you aren’t affected naa…“. I think it is the problem with the way they are brought up, the kind of education they got, hatred or prejudices against ideologies other than their beliefs. Things should be changed from the root level. People should be taught to cooperate and not to compete. The whole educational system is flawed. As far as Kerala is concerned, I think the problems started with the banning of politics in educational institutions.
ഞാന്‍: രാഷ്ഠ്രീയം നിരോധിച്ചത് ഒരു തെറ്റായ കാര്യമാണെന്ന് അംഗീകരിക്കുന്നതിനോടൊപ്പം pR@tz പറഞ്ഞ മറ്റൊരു കാര്യത്തോട് ഞാന്‍ വിയോജിക്കുന്നു. പ്രശ്നങ്ങള്‍ തുടങ്ങ്നിയത് കലാലയ രാഷ്ട്രീയ രംഗം ‘കലാപ രാഷ്ട്രീയ രംഗം” ആയതോടെയാണ്. കുട്ടി നേതാക്കളെ മര്യാദയ്ക്ക് നിര്‍ത്തേണ്ട മുതിര്‍ന്ന നേതാക്കള്‍ പല കാര്യങ്ങള്‍ക്ക് വേണ്ടിയും അവരെ ഉപയോഗിച്ചത് തന്നെയാണ് എന്ന് വേണമെങ്കില്‍ പറയാം. എന്തായാലും ഈ അരാഷ്ഠ്രീയവല്‍ക്കരണത്തിന്റെ പരിണതഫലങ്ങളാണ് ജനാധിപത്യമൂല്യങ്ങളെ കുറിച്ചും, അവകാശങ്ങളെ കുറിച്ചുമുള്ള അറിവില്ലായ്മ. ഈ അറിവില്ലായമയില്‍ നിന്ന് ഉടലെടുത്തതാണ് പ്രതിഷേധസമരങ്ങലോടുള്ള എതിര്‍പ്പും പുഛ്ചവും. പ്രതിഷേധ സമരം‌ കൊണ്ട് ശക്തനും അദൃശ്യനുമായ എതിരാളിക്കെന്താണ് സംഭവിക്കുവാന്‍ പോകുന്നത് എന്ന് ചോദിക്കുന്നവരോട് എനിക്ക് സഹതാപമേയുള്ളു.

pR@tz: Thank you njaan for your support. Protests have its own power, when you protest it is like telling the whole world that “See this is not right”. I think we had created enough buzz to inform the world that something had happened wrong somewhere. Though, “physical actions” outside blogosphere are necessary to call this a complete victory.
ഞാന്‍: എല്ലാ ഭാവുകങ്ങളും നേരുന്നു. ചില കാര്യങ്ങള്‍ ചോദിച്ചാല്‍ കൊള്ളാമെന്നുണ്ട്. ചോദിക്കട്ടെ? ചിലപ്പോള്‍ വിവാദമായേക്കും.

pR@tz: Let it be. Shoot..
ഞാന്‍: എന്ത് കൊണ്ടാണ് ബെര്‍ളി തോമസിനെ ആക്രമിച്ചത്? നിങ്ങളുടെ പ്രതിഷേധത്തെയും മറ്റും പരിഹസിക്കുന്ന പോസ്റ്റുകള്‍ മറ്റ് പലരും ഇട്ടിട്ടുണ്ടല്ലോ. അവരെയൊന്നും തൊടാതെ എന്തിന് ബെര്‍ളിയെ അടച്ചാക്ഷേപിച്ചു?

pR@tz: അതിന് മലയാളത്തില്‍ തന്നെ ഉത്തരം പറയാം. ഞാന്‍ അറിയുന്ന ബെര്‍ളി തോമസില്‍ നിന്നും അത്തരമൊരു പ്രതികരണമല്ല പ്രതീക്ഷിച്ചത്. സൂപ്പര്‍മാന്‍ തൊട്ട് ശക്തിമാന്‍ വരെ പത്രപ്രവര്‍ത്തകരായിരുന്നു. അങ്ങനെ സാമൂഹികപ്രതിബദ്ധതയുള്ള ഒരാളില്‍ നിന്നും പ്രതീക്ഷിക്കുന്നത് അത്തരമൊരു പ്രതികരണമായിരുന്നില്ല. അത് കൊണ്ട് ബെര്‍ളിയെ വിമര്‍ശിച്ച് എഴുതി. ബെര്‍ളി അതിനൊരു മറുപടിയും തന്നു. ഞാന്‍ തിരികെ ഒന്നും കൊടുത്തു.
ഞാന്‍: അപ്പോ ബാക്കി വന്ന തെറികള്‍ ഒന്നും കണ്ടില്ലെന്നാണോ അവകാശപ്പെടുന്നത്. 😉

pR@tz: ബാക്കിയേത് പന്നന്‍മാര് പറഞ്ഞാലും എനിക്കെന്താ? Let they do what ever they want to. If I chase every criticism I recieve and reply them individually, I will have time only for that. I am basically a research scholar, the role of blogger is secondary. I reply only those criticisms which deserves it.
ഞാന്‍: ഒരു സംശയം കൂടി. നിങ്ങലുടെ ഈ ബ്ലോഗ്ഗില്‍ കമന്റ് മോഡറേറ്റ് ചെയ്യുകയാണെന്നും, നിങ്ങള്‍ക്കിഷ്ടമുള്ള കമന്റുകള്‍ മാത്രമെ അനുവദികാറുള്ളൂ എന്നും കേട്ടു. ജനാധിപത്യമൂല്യങ്ങളെ കുറിച്ച് വാ തോരാതെ സംസാരിച്ചിട്ട് ആ ചെയ്തത് ശരിയാണോ?

pR@tz: The comments to this blog are moderated only for the first time, and that policy is only to avoid spam-bots. I accept all kinds of criticisms, though reply to only those which deserves it. Once you comment this blog with an e-mail ID, your comments will be published without moderation from second time, if it is not spam. Thanks to wordpress for that really intelligent option.
ഞാന്‍: ഒന്ന് പോയേ, ബ്ലോഗ്ഗറ് തന്നെയാ കിടിലം‌. ഇങ്ങക്ക് ഈ-മെയ്‌ല് വഴി കമന്റ് ട്രാക്ക് ചെയ്യാന്‍ പറ്റുമോ…?

pR@tz: njaan, its already 6.30. ഇനി ഹോസ്റ്റലില്‍ പോയിട്ട് തിരികെ വരേണ്ടതല്ലേ. ഏതാ മെസ്സ്?
ഞാന്‍:കാവേരി തന്നെ. ഞാന്‍ ഈ കൃഷ്ണയില്‍ നിന്നും കാവേരിയില്‍ നിന്നുമൊക്കെ കഴിച്ച് മടുത്ത്. എനിക്ക് ഹിമാലയ ആണ് ഇഷ്ടപ്പെട്ടത്. അപ്പൊ ശരി. പിരിയാം. ഇത് പോലൊരു പരിപാടി ഞാന്‍ എന്റെ ബ്ലോഗ്ഗിലും ഒരെണ്ണം arrange ചെയ്യുന്നുണ്ട്. വരണേ..

pR@tz: oh! sure… have a nice day (ഉവ്വ് ഉവ്വ്… ഇന്ന് എന്തൊക്കെ തെറിയാ കേള്‍ക്കാന്‍ പോണത്ത് എന്ന് ദൈവത്തിനറിയാം).

So that was njaan from njaan.blogspot.com. Nice that he had invited me for a meeting, as he never gave me a chance question him. Thanks for bearing with us. Please let us know about this post. Take care until we meet next. Enjoy.

[To whomsoever it may concern: Though pR@tz and njaan (ഞാന്‍) are the screen names of same person, they should not be used interchangeably. pR@tz is the screen name at https://njaan.wordpress.com/ which talks English and njaan (ഞാന്‍) is the screen name at http://njaan.blogspot.com/ which speaks Malayalam]

‘Random’ thoughts

[To whomsoever it may concern: the name of the author/owner of this blog (https://njaan.wordpress.com/ ) is pR@tz and not ‘njaan’, though the author/owner of this blog (https://njaan.wordpress.com/), writes another blog located at http://njaan.blogspot.com/ . Hence, the readers are requested to address the author by the name pR@tz when you refer this blog (https://njaan.wordpress.com/ )]

If I can trust my memory, I first learned about randomness in my 12th standard and it is still one the topics I hate the most. For those people, who are going to attend GATE exams, here is a quick tip from me “better not to attempt questions from probability section; the probability that your answer is wrong is greater than .99“. Doing so will help you to save time for the remaining questions.  Back to the title, this post will be having two sections, the first section is,


Imagine there are 1000 people in a locality, 500 men and 500 women. The probability that a particular man and particular woman will marry (assume that none of them are blood relatives, and everyone SHOULD marry before age of 25!) is less than or equal to 1/500 (that is what I know, I am quite weak in probability). Now, the average sperm-count in the ejaculate of Homo sapiens is about 280 million [1]. And, on an average a healthy women produces about 480 ova in her lifetime. Now, calculate the probability of mating of a sperm among this 280 million (this in fact is much smaller number when compared to the total number of sperms produced by a male during his lifetime, but for the sake of simplicity let us take 280 million) with one of the 480 ova[2]. Even after assuming that, this particular zygote grows into a healthy child, and to a mature Homo sapiens, just see the probability for getting that UNIQUE zygote (or unique individual). There is even randomness during the time when zygote is formed (the crossover, number of crossovers)[3]. That means the probability for you, me and we to live (blog) int his world tends to the value ZERO.

There are two (independent) conclusions for the first section,

(a) You don’t exist at all, because the probability that you were born to earth is ZERO (or near ZERO)

(b) You are really ‘lucky’ to live in this world, hence enjoy to maximum, be productive…….. (not necessarily on bed, I mean to contribute to humankind)

Heads and Tails

Assume that I have tossed an unbiased coin (not the ‘sholay’ coin), the probability to get heads and tails are 50%. Is it just a probability? Is coin tossing always random? I had always thought of coin tossing, just because I don’t want to study probability, even the questions on probability confuse me a lot.

When I toss the coin what happens is, the coin rotates about an axis parallel to its diameter, moves up and comes down because of gravity and makes a number of turns about the axis. The outcome, head or tail, is determined by the initial face and the number of turns it made. The number f turns it made depends on rotational speed of the coin about its axis and the distance through which it moves (let us assume that it is equal to twice the maximum height it reaches in magnitude)

Let us see the various factors (not necessarily independent) affecting the outcome of coin-tossing,

  1. Initial position of the coin – whether it is the tail/head side horizontal to the ground or is it inclined at an angle.
  2. Force with which the coin is tossed – the force I apply to toss the coin determines the rotational speed of coin and the maximum height it reaches.
  3. Point at which I apply the force – or the way you hold the coin while tossing. It determines the speed, the path of motion of coin through air, the rotational speed of coin and the maximum height it reaches.
  4. Mass of the coin – It also have effects on the maximum height it reaches, the rotational speed.
  5. Ambient conditions – Will affect the viscosity and density of air, which in turn affects the rotational speed and maximum attainable height of the coin.
  6. Location (Equator, Polar regions, Earth, Saturn, Jupiter)- The magnitude of gravitational pull or technically, the acceleration due to gravity will definitely have an effect on the above mentioned parameters.
  7. ………. there will be more, I could find only 6.

Hence we can say that, the outcome of coin tossing is deterministic or near-deterministic. Now you can stop saying, “it’s god’s grace that India won the toss today” because you can Mathematically model the coin tossing process and predict the outcome. There will only be a single outcome for same set of conditions. More the number of factors, your model will become more accurate.

In a similar way you can model whole processes that happens in Universe, which are traditionally called random.

[1] http://www2.oakland.edu/biology/lindemann/spermfacts.htm
[2] http://www.drstandley.com/bodysystems_femalerepro.shtml
[3] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fertilization#Fertilisation_and_genetic_recombination